NJM Safety Center - Teen Driving

Graduated Driver License (GDL) Law

The changes took effect May 1, 2010, for drivers 16–20 years of age who hold either a Special Learners Permit or a first-year "Provisional" or "Probationary" License. These drivers:

  • May not be on the road between 11:01 p.m. and 5 a.m. If there is a proven need to drive during this time for work and/or religious purposes, exemptions do exist. For an exemption, a driver must carry a written certification on official letterhead, which is signed by an employer or religious figure.
  • May transport only one passenger in the vehicle besides his or her dependents. If a parent or guardian is in the vehicle, the passenger restriction is waived, and the teen may transport as many passengers as there are seat belts.
  • May not use a cell phone (hand-held or hands-free), iPod or other wireless electronic device. (Note: GPS systems — portable or built in — and iPods connected to a vehicle's sound system are permitted, but a teen should not make any adjustments to these devices while driving.)
  • Must ensure that all vehicle occupants are properly restrained in child safety seats or seat belts.
  • Must display a decal on the front and rear license plate. The decal may be removed when a fully licensed driver operates the vehicle.
  • May not plea bargain any point-carrying offenses.