Motorcycle
Safety Center

Motorcycle and ATV Safety

Riding is not a skill that is inherent, but rather an ability that is learned and developed through practice. The best way to get started is by taking a rider course to learn hand and foot controls, turning, braking maneuvers, crash avoidance and protective gear selection.

The SIPDE System

Experienced riders use a system known as SIPDE to make split-second decisions and take action in traffic. Use this process to help avoid hazards:

  • Scan surroundings thoroughly for potential hazards.

  • Identify potential hazards and conflicts, such as other vehicles, pedestrians or potholes.

  • Predict effects of the hazard. How critical is the hazard and how might it be avoided?

  • Decide what you can do to reduce the hazard. This may be accomplished by communicating your presence with your lights or horn, adjusting your speed or changing lanes.

  • Execute your plan to avoid the hazard.

Get into the right gear

For a safe ride, use protective gear — always wear a helmet, eye protection, highly visible protective clothing, over-the-ankle boots and gloves. Consider the following safety tips when deciding on the right gear to wear:

  • Helmet – ensure your helmet has a DOT (Department of Transportation) compliance sticker — this means it meets basic safety standards.

  • Eye protection – the proper eye gear means there is an approved shield on your helmet, you are wearing a pair of goggles, or you have shatterproof glasses.

  • Jacket – look for leather or sturdy material made specifically for riding.

  • Pants – cover your legs and wear rigid "body armor" for additional protection.

  • Gloves – get a good grip on controls and protect your hands.

  • Boots – use over-the-ankle boots with strong leather that have slide-proof heels.

  • Hearing protection – reduce noise for ear protection, but you should still be able to hear horns and sirens.

  • High visibility gear – wear reflective gear that is visible at night.

About NJM Insurance Company's Commitment to Safety

NJM is the Garden State's leading workers' compensation carrier and a leader in personal and commercial auto and homeowners insurance. Founded more than a century ago, we have earned a reputation for service, integrity and financial stewardship. NJM's enduring commitment to safety can be traced back to our earliest days — with a focus that has expanded from improving conditions in manufacturing facilities to helping keep drivers safe on our roads.

References:

  1. ATV Safety Institute. atvsafety.org.

  2. Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF). msf-usa.org.

  3. Advocates for Highway & Auto Safety. saferoads.org.

  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. cdc.gov.